In the economy, a protocol is generally a legally non-binding agreement between two or more parties that defines the terms and modalities of mutual understanding or agreement and notes the requirements and responsibilities of each party – without concluding a formal and legally enforceable contract (although a MoU is often a first step towards the development of a formal contract). [2] [3] Memorandum of Understanding between the African Telecommunications Union (ATU) and the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) on bridging the Standardization Gap 12. February 2018: The MoA between ITU and ATU is a high-level framework for cooperation Implementation of Resolution 44 “Bridging the Standardization Gap” between ITU and Georgia Tech Applied Research Corporation (GTARC) 20 October 2015: The protocol between ITU and GTARC is a high-level framework for cooperation in monitoring global activities related to the internet technology of things. A Memorandum of Understanding (MOA) is a document outlining the terms of a cooperation agreement between two or more parties, as well as the objectives of cooperation. An MOA usually marks the beginning of a collaborative project and provides stakeholders with the opportunity to outline their visions, discuss and solve problems. An MOA is generally not considered a legal contract. The main difference is that a contract is an agreement that is to exchange something valuable (for example.B. Goods or work). An MOA is an agreement for the parties to work together to achieve a goal without necessarily exchanging anything. You will find more details in this information sheet from IPinCH: In the UK, the term MoU is commonly used to refer to an agreement between parties to The Crown.

This term is often used in the context of decentralization, for example. B in the 1999 concorda between the Central Ministry of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and the Scottish Environment Directorate. MoU between ITU-T and IEEE Communications Society (Comsoc) 12 May 2008: cooperation between ITU-T and IEEE Comsoc improves cooperation between science and standardization. The document was signed at the first ITU-T Kaleidoscope conference, Innovation in NGN – Future Network and Services. The aim of the programme is to strengthen cooperation, particularly in the area of publications and events (for example.B.