On 28 September at 10 a.m., four hours before the deadline expired and without the approval of Hitler`s request to Czechoslovakia, the British Ambassador to Italy, Lord Perth, summoned the Italian Foreign Minister, Mr Galeazzo Ciano, to request an emergency meeting. [37] Perth informed Ciano that Chamberlain had ordered him to ask Mussolini in the negotiations and ask Hitler to delay the ultimatum. [37] At 11:00 a.m., Ciano met With Mussolini and informed him of Chamberlain`s proposal; Mussolini agreed and responded by questioning the Italian ambassador to Germany and telling him: “Go immediately to Fuhrer`s house and tell him that I will be by his side, but that I ask for a 24-hour delay before hostilities begin. In the meantime, I will study what can be done to solve the problem. [40] Hitler received Mussolini`s message during an interview with the French ambassador. Hitler told the ambassador: “My good friend, Benito Mussolini, asked me to delay the Marching Orders of the German Army by 24 hours, and I agreed. Of course, this was not a concession, since the invasion date was set for October 1, 1938. [41] After a meeting with Chamberlain, Lord Perth Mussolini and Chamberlain`s request thanked Mussolini for attending a four-power conference in Munich on 29 September from the United Kingdom, France, Germany and Italy to resolve the Sudetenland problem before the 14:00 deadline. Mussolini agreed. [41] Hitler`s only request was to have Mussolini involved in the negotiations of the conference.

[41] When U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt learned that the conference was being held, he telegraphed Chamberlain: “Good Man.” [42] When Chamberlain returned from Munich, he said to an excited crowd at Heston airport: “It is peace for our time” and signalled the agreement he had signed with Hitler. This was the culmination of the policy of appeasement. Six months later, Hitler stopped his promises and ordered his armies to invade Prague. Within a year, Britain and France were at war with Germany. In the face of tensions between the Germans and the Czechoslovakian government, on 15 September 1938, Benes secretly proposed to cede 6,000 square kilometres to Czechoslovakia in Germany, in exchange for a German accession agreement of 1.5 to 2.0 million South Germans that expelled Czechoslovakia. Hitler did not respond. [13] 80 years ago, on September 1, 1939, German troops invaded Poland, triggering the start of World War II, the deadliest military conflict in human history, involving an estimated 100 million people from 30 countries.

Britain and France, which had pledged their help to Poland, declared war on Germany and its allies two days later, on 3 September. The start of the war revealed to the world the folly of the Munich Agreement signed less than a year earlier – an agreement seen as a disastrous act of appeasement of Adolf Hitler`s Nazi regime and historical evidence that expansionist totalitarianism cannot be demonstrated by placement. (7) There is a right to vote in and out of the transferred territories, the possibility to exercise within six months from the date of this agreement. A German-Czechoslovakian commission defines the terms of the option, examines the possibilities of facilitating the transmission of the population and resolves the fundamental issues arising from this transfer. On 5 October, he resigned as President of Czechoslovakia because he realized that the fall of Czechoslovakia was inevitable. After the outbreak of World War II, he formed a Czechoslovakian government in exile in London. On 6 December 1938, The French Foreign Minister, Mr. Bonnet, and the German Foreign Minister, Joachim von Ribbentrop, signed the Franco-German non-aggression pact in Paris. [80] [81] [82] (8) Within four weeks of the date of this agreement, the Czechoslovakian government will release from its military and police forces all Sudeten Germans who wish to be released, and the Czechoslovak government will release within the same period the prisoners of South Germany who will serve prison sentences for political offence.